Difference between revisions of "Operating a Milling Machine"

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(Useful Information)
 
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- Digital Calipers<br>
 
- Digital Calipers<br>
  
== Consumable Raw Material ==
+
== Consumable Raw Materials ==
  
 
- Al 6061 1 1/8" x 1 1/8" Bar Stock
 
- Al 6061 1 1/8" x 1 1/8" Bar Stock
  
 
== Activities ==
 
== Activities ==
 +
 +
=== Basic Milling Project ===
  
 
Basic Idea: Make a small 1" Al cube with tapped holes and  
 
Basic Idea: Make a small 1" Al cube with tapped holes and  
 
one face hogged out.
 
one face hogged out.
  
'''CLEAN UP AREA AFTER EACH LAB SESSION'''  
+
'''CLEAN UP AREA AFTER EACH LAB SESSION''' <br>
 +
'''DO NOT PUT METAL SHAVINGS OR BROKEN GLASS IN TRASH BINS - USE SPECIALLY-MARKED CONTAINERS''' <br>
 +
 
 +
'''NOTE:''' Use the low "L" speed range for most operations (and make slow cuts). The motor has more torque in the low range. Also, don't operate the mill at max speed for more than a few minutes at a time in order to avoid overheating the motor. If you want to operate the mill at high speeds (for finishing purposes), use the high "H" range and turn down the variable speed dial from max (maybe 80% of max value).
 +
 
 +
'''NOTE:''' Only change speed ranges (between "L" and "H") with the machine off.
  
 
# Get a safety demonstration from the instructor or TA.
 
# Get a safety demonstration from the instructor or TA.
# Read the [[Media:Grizzlyg0759_Milling_Machine.pdf|  G0759 manual]] Introduction and Safety sections (pages 2-10) and the Operations section (pages 22-32).
+
# Read the [[Media:Grizzlyg0759_Milling_Machine.pdf|  G0759 manual]] Introduction and Safety sections (pages 2-10) and the Operations section (pages 22-32). You can also view a few of the many good [https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=how+to+mill how-to-mill videos on YouTube].
# Use [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AutoCAD AutoCAD] (on virtual machine on mother in APL) to make a technical drawing of a 1" Al cube with four 8-32 (0.5" deep) tapped holes in the corner of one face (holes positioned 1/8" from edges) and a 1/4" hogged out squarish hole (1/8" border) on the opposite face. If you're new to AutoCAD you can view a few of the many good AutoCAD-for-beginners tutorials on YouTube.
+
# Use [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AutoCAD AutoCAD] (on virtual machine on mother in APL) to make a technical drawing of a 1" Al cube with four 8-32 (0.5" deep) tapped holes in the corner of one face (holes positioned 1/8" from edges) and a 1/4" hogged out squarish hole (1/8" border) on the opposite face. If you're new to AutoCAD you can view a few of the many good AutoCAD-for-beginners [https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=autocad tutorials on YouTube]. Show drawing to Instructor or TA before moving on.
# Calculate Spindle Speed with this [https://littlemachineshop.com/mobile/speeds_feeds.php online calculator]. Set the mill's spindle speed to be no more than 3/4 the calculated speed and less than 80% of the maximum G0759's spindle speed.
+
# Read the Wikipedia page on [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Speeds_and_feeds machining speeds and feeds]. Calculate Spindle Speed with this [https://littlemachineshop.com/mobile/speeds_feeds.php online calculator]. Set the mill's spindle speed to be no more than 3/4 the calculated speed and less than 80% of the maximum G0759's spindle speed.
 
# Set up a ''rough cut'' of a ~ 1 1/8 length section from the Al bar stock using the band saw - Get instructor or TA approval before making the cut. Clean up metal shavings and put bandsaw and stock back in storage areas.  
 
# Set up a ''rough cut'' of a ~ 1 1/8 length section from the Al bar stock using the band saw - Get instructor or TA approval before making the cut. Clean up metal shavings and put bandsaw and stock back in storage areas.  
# Mount the rough block in the milling vise using parallel bars (rough side face up)- Get instructor or TA approval before milling.  
+
# Lubricate the head stock vertical column with a few drops of oil (on each side).
# ''Face mill'' the rough side so that it's 1.000" +- 0.003" from its opposite face.
+
# Mount the rough block in the milling vise using parallel bars (rough side face up) - Get instructor or TA approval before milling.  
# Side mill the other faces such that all faces are 1.000" +- 0.003" from their opposites (use edge finder to precisely locate faces). Get instructor or TA approval before making first side mill operation.
+
'''Do not push work piece into bit (in any direction) when machine is stopped.'''
 +
'''Do not take more than 0.020 inches off in any single face or side milling operation.'''
 +
 
 +
# ''Side mill'' the rough sides so that they are 1.000" +- 0.003" from their opposite faces.
 +
# ''Face mill'' the other faces such that all faces are 1.000" +- 0.003" from their opposites (use edge finder to precisely locate faces). Get instructor or TA approval before making first side mill operation.
 
# Use dial indicator to verify that the faces are parallel to within 3 mils (a mil is one thousandth of an inch).  
 
# Use dial indicator to verify that the faces are parallel to within 3 mils (a mil is one thousandth of an inch).  
# Drill and tap 4 8-32 screw holes at the corners of one face (1/8" in from both faces). Use this [http://www.americanfastener.com/tap-and-drill-size-chart/ drill and tap chart]. Discuss this procedure with instructor or TA before attempting.
+
# ''Drill and tap'' 4 8-32 screw holes at the corners of one face (3/16" in from both faces). Use this [http://www.americanfastener.com/tap-and-drill-size-chart/ drill and tap chart]. Discuss this procedure with instructor or TA before attempting.
# Hog out the face opposite to the tapped holes. Leave 1/8" border and hog to 1/4" depth (make the process easier with a pattern of material-removing drilled holes). Discuss this operation with the instructor or TA before attempting.
+
# ''Hog out'' the face opposite to the tapped holes. Leave 1/8" border and hog to 1/4" depth (make the process easier with a pattern of material-removing drilled holes). Discuss this operation with the instructor or TA before attempting.
 
# Put all tools back into storage and clean up area.
 
# Put all tools back into storage and clean up area.
 +
 +
 +
== Useful Information ==
 +
[[File:AutoCAD_Milling_Machine_Tutorial.pdf]]
 +
 +
== Advanced Milling Project ==
 +
coming soon...

Latest revision as of 23:31, 9 June 2019

Grizzly G0759


Permanent Materials

- G0759 Milling Machine and Milling Vise
- Collets
- HSS Mills
- Drill Chuck and Drill Bits
- Die and Tap Sets
- Edge Finder
- Dial Indicator
- Parallel Bar Set
- Digital Calipers

Consumable Raw Materials

- Al 6061 1 1/8" x 1 1/8" Bar Stock

Activities

Basic Milling Project

Basic Idea: Make a small 1" Al cube with tapped holes and one face hogged out.

CLEAN UP AREA AFTER EACH LAB SESSION
DO NOT PUT METAL SHAVINGS OR BROKEN GLASS IN TRASH BINS - USE SPECIALLY-MARKED CONTAINERS

NOTE: Use the low "L" speed range for most operations (and make slow cuts). The motor has more torque in the low range. Also, don't operate the mill at max speed for more than a few minutes at a time in order to avoid overheating the motor. If you want to operate the mill at high speeds (for finishing purposes), use the high "H" range and turn down the variable speed dial from max (maybe 80% of max value).

NOTE: Only change speed ranges (between "L" and "H") with the machine off.

  1. Get a safety demonstration from the instructor or TA.
  2. Read the G0759 manual Introduction and Safety sections (pages 2-10) and the Operations section (pages 22-32). You can also view a few of the many good how-to-mill videos on YouTube.
  3. Use AutoCAD (on virtual machine on mother in APL) to make a technical drawing of a 1" Al cube with four 8-32 (0.5" deep) tapped holes in the corner of one face (holes positioned 1/8" from edges) and a 1/4" hogged out squarish hole (1/8" border) on the opposite face. If you're new to AutoCAD you can view a few of the many good AutoCAD-for-beginners tutorials on YouTube. Show drawing to Instructor or TA before moving on.
  4. Read the Wikipedia page on machining speeds and feeds. Calculate Spindle Speed with this online calculator. Set the mill's spindle speed to be no more than 3/4 the calculated speed and less than 80% of the maximum G0759's spindle speed.
  5. Set up a rough cut of a ~ 1 1/8 length section from the Al bar stock using the band saw - Get instructor or TA approval before making the cut. Clean up metal shavings and put bandsaw and stock back in storage areas.
  6. Lubricate the head stock vertical column with a few drops of oil (on each side).
  7. Mount the rough block in the milling vise using parallel bars (rough side face up) - Get instructor or TA approval before milling.

Do not push work piece into bit (in any direction) when machine is stopped. Do not take more than 0.020 inches off in any single face or side milling operation.

  1. Side mill the rough sides so that they are 1.000" +- 0.003" from their opposite faces.
  2. Face mill the other faces such that all faces are 1.000" +- 0.003" from their opposites (use edge finder to precisely locate faces). Get instructor or TA approval before making first side mill operation.
  3. Use dial indicator to verify that the faces are parallel to within 3 mils (a mil is one thousandth of an inch).
  4. Drill and tap 4 8-32 screw holes at the corners of one face (3/16" in from both faces). Use this drill and tap chart. Discuss this procedure with instructor or TA before attempting.
  5. Hog out the face opposite to the tapped holes. Leave 1/8" border and hog to 1/4" depth (make the process easier with a pattern of material-removing drilled holes). Discuss this operation with the instructor or TA before attempting.
  6. Put all tools back into storage and clean up area.


Useful Information

File:AutoCAD Milling Machine Tutorial.pdf

Advanced Milling Project

coming soon...