# Machine Learning: Linear Regression

(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)

Machine learning is the subfield of Artificial intelligence interested in making agents that review their past actions and experiences to formulate a new action. The task is to learn the formula for a function. A performance standard is used to adjust the function that is predicted. Linear regression is a common pattern that can be approximated by learning the parameters for slope and intercept.

Here are the packages that are used and three points to approximate a function from. ``` import numpy as np import matplotlib.pyplot as plt pair=np.array([(1,1),(4,4.2),(2,2)]) ```

The slope and intercept must be initialized by the user. In addition the learning rate is how quickly to change the parameters by each iteration. the data set is fitted multiple times with updated starting weights, these are epochs.

``` ```

```nepoch = 4 m=0.0 b=0.0 alpha = 0.2 ```

each pair is looped through and a y is predicted according to $Y_pred=X*m+b$ The error is then found according to $Y_pred-Y$ The weights are then updated according to the formula $m:=m-learning_rate*error*x$ and $b:=b-learning_rate*error$ The new value of the paramaters are used with the next set of points.

``` ```

```for i in range(0,nepoch,1): ```

``` print("i=" , i) for i in [0,1,2]: print(m,b) x=pair[i][0] y=pair[i][1] y_pred=m*x+b error=y_pred-y m=m-alpha*error*x b=b-alpha*error print(m,b) ```

the slope is found to be 1.04 and the y-intercept as -0.08. The exact values were not found because this algorithm approximates the local minimum. It overshoots the exact value and then updates it by overshooting it again resulting in the answer revolving around the exact value.